Organised crime in Serbia highest in Europe after Russia, GI-TOC report shows

NEWS 01.10.2021 23:12
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Source: N1

According to the Global Organised Crime Index published for 2020, Serbia held 33rd place with 6.21 index points, just below Russia, out of 193 UN member states, and above all other European countries.

„The Global Initiative against transnational organised crime (GI-TOC) report is the result of a two-year endeavour to evaluate levels of crime and resilience in all 193 UN member states,“ the website said.

Congo, with 7.75 and Columbia with 7.66 index points, took the first two places.

Montenegro took the 45th position with six index points, while Bosnia and Herzegovina was 49th with 5.89 index points.

The Gi-TOC said it hoped to help inform a genuinely global response to the pervasive threat of transnational organised crime through its data.

„Organised crime is a scourge that afflicts countries in every corner of the globe, from tiny island states to large economic superpowers, and is an underlying driver of many major geopolitical challenges including conflict, political instability and forced migration,“ it added.

The GI-TOC also said that due to its „clandestine nature, however, often little is known about how organised crime operates in each country.“

„To address this knowledge gap, the GI-TOC has developed the Global Organized Crime Index, a unique, data-driven analytical tool that evaluates 193 UN member states according to two metrics: according to their criminality on a score from 1 to 10 (lowest to highest organised crime levels), which in turn is based on their criminal markets score and criminal actors score; and according to their resilience to organised crime, from 1 to 10 (lowest to highest resilience levels),“ the website said.
It added that „as a snapshot of 2020, the Index also highlights the adaptability of organised crime to the pandemic. In the face of lockdowns and travel restrictions, criminals not only retooled their regular business but also exploited new opportunities presented by the global health crisis. Individuals, communities and businesses struggling to stay afloat also became increasingly vulnerable to organised criminal behaviour, either as victims or as perpetrators, albeit more often than not due to the absence of any viable alternatives.“

„Addressing the pervasiveness and entrenched nature of organised crime revealed by the Index will require a coordinated global response, but as yet, this remains lacking. By providing a consolidated hub of data and baseline evidence of the phenomenon in countries worldwide, the Index aims to be a catalyst for further debate on transnational organised crime. Ultimately, the Index strives to inform policymakers and regional bodies so they can prioritise interventions based on a multifaceted assessment of vulnerabilities and enhance national, regional and global cooperation in countering organised crime,“ the GI-TOC said on its website.

It added that the results of the first edition of the Global Organised Crime Index, „outlined in the flagship report and the interactive Index website, paint a worrying picture of the reach, scale and impact of organised crime in 2020. Perhaps the starkest finding of the Index is that the majority of people worldwide live in countries with high levels of organised crime. The Index also shines a light on the ubiquity of some of the most insidious forms of exploitation that are perpetrated by criminal actors the world over, including individuals and networks operating from within the state apparatus. The Index also illustrates the widespread shortcomings in global levels of resilience to organised crime, from weaknesses in criminal justice systems to rampant corruption and violent crackdowns on the freedom of the press and civil society.“

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